@@@ Goat Girl: Pest (Rough Trade, 2021) Some post punk weirdness I got to via the online UK music magazine Crack. This is the first track on the record and it opens with a slow building drawliing singer led, strummed electric guitar, etc, more vocals, some ambient clouds. That’s more a crumble of a sentence than a formally correct one there. I expect this is the calm before the storm but I could be wrong, I’m wrong a lot. It does build but to a more sustained tambourine influenced rock section that bumps along underneath the layer of slack vocals. There’s also a synth arpeggiator which helps to cancel the energy drain of the vocals. I’ll hang for a bit of the second track to see if the formula has flexibility or if this is the formula. Yeah, this is the formula, cheerful rhythm section with a downer vocal component, people love it the slack shit, I’ve always never been quite able to accept it. Also periodic synth which changes up the grunge vibe.
@@@ x/o: Chrysalis Wrath (Precious Metals, 2022) I got to this via the Vancouver radio station CFUV. This is the opening track of an electronic record and by the sounds of the reverbed out female vocalist, I’m not sure this is going to work for me. It’s spacious and occasionally interrupted, no wait more and more interrupted by a cymbal driven drum and groove type beat. Also some dreamy keyboards and a very aggro synth bass. Overall it’s a sci fi type of impression or at least that’s how I hear it. On the like side, I dig the bass sound and the aggressiveness of it. Agnostic on the beats, agnostic on the keyboards, and I don’t like the framing or the presentation of the vocals. There is an interesting contrast between that smoothed out space vibe of the vocals and the splash of the cymbals and the buzzy bass but my disdain for this vocal approach outweighs that.
@@@ Black Country, New Road: Concorde (Ninja Tune, 2022) Another day of listens off this week’s All Music notable release email. My initial impression is that these guys own a lot of Pavement records. It sports a slacker rock vibe but the question is whether we are going to see any sort of explosion in the chorus. The guitar players are most assuredly more melodic and sweeter than the pavement gents who were proudly primitive. The singer here is all right, deep voiced and literary British but for a formula that I’ve heard a lot it’s interesting. It’s almost 6 minutes long which is pretty long for a rock banger and I think they could have ramped up to the climax a bit more efficiently. I’m giving the second tune a quick listen and I think not only have I heard these folks before but the video below is an outlier as this second track, Chaos Space Marine, does rock but also sports a vaudeville flavor as well as folk feels. They seem very intent to work things dynamically from chill bits to full on art school blasting. I appreciate parts of this.
@@@ Great Lakes: I’m Not Listening (HHBTM, 2022) I’m assuming with a name like Great Lakes these guys hail from the midwest but sonically they are rocking a classic indie midwest flavor. Swelling organ, classic tom heavy drumming in this track, and a friendly ass singer doing his thing over telecaster tones. Around 1:40 we get a big, airy guitar solo which I dig as it contrasts with the twang. If Bruce Springsteen had a lovechild with Alex Chilton but not sped up pilled out Alex Chilton it would sound a bunch like this. With such a familiar vibe it’s all about the vibe and the vibe here is solid — it’s not a full rock star trip and it’s not a full ironic indie thing. A variety of guitar tones and a pumped up rock drummer cover reinvigorate the American rock formula.
@@@ Summer Walker: Toxic (Interscope, 2021) I can’t remember how I got to this track but my first thought is this is Drake with a vajeen. Mad bedroom-y and flowin’ on the microphone. Lust production with chill beats, it’s a pretty standard formula. I wish there was more of an instrumental arrangement to balance out the vocal tracks and the beats. I hear a vibes part tucked way back in the mix. There’s a guest MC who tells a booty story with some delay on selected syllables of his rhymes. He raises the energy and I like that.
@@@ Tony Allen: The Barbarian (PIAS, 2021) This is a British music collaboration that had to have been finished before Tony Allen passed last year. The video below is the opening track of the record and it is Tony Allen’s light touch and funky as fuck. He gets an ambient chill set of sounds layered over the top of the beat and I see why they didn’t put much over the beat and put it super high in the mix cuz it’s bangin’. We get a singer, he’s worked with Tony Allen before. As the tune has reached it’s full development it’s a unique mash — not fully soul, not rock, not Afrobeat just a really nice mash. After the fantastic stick work by Allen I find myself listening a lot to the bass player, he/she is catching my ear. I’ve heard of Joan the Police Womean before but I can’t say I remember hearing them.
@@@ Dooms Children: Psyche Hospital Blues (Dine Alone, 2021) From the Line of Best Fit. I thought this was gonna be full on rough house business with the title of the track and name of the band. Doom and shit. However, it’s a laidback Brit rock thing with a gruff voiced singer, some twangy telecaster playing and even background singers and a slide guitar. It’s got a bit of an epic Oasis feel but more in spirit than construction. Faded rock, it’s that. Tasteful panning guitar solo that doesn’t go full batshit and even has a type of shadow either with delay or another track. I don’t completely hear the title reflected in the lyrics but it’s got a good rock feel. I’m not a huge rock guy, i’ve heard enough rock to last a lifetime. Oh fuck me, I”ve been peeping the wrong track, somehow the player skipped ahead to the next track Skeleton Beach. From the opening bit of this track (clipped below) I’m glad I was skipped ahead, as the tune clipped below is more of a standard straight ahead rocker and snoozy.
@@@ Alfa Mist: Bumper Cars ( , 2021) From the chic Brooklyn performance venue National Sawdust. This is the B side of a track due out in the middle of November. It’s a mannered and sophisto medium large ensemble jazz feel opening this up. A wee bit of funk, plenty of horns, some violin, keys, oy it’s the full monty up in here. This is strictly suit and tie action you can’t be out shitting on somebody’s lawn listening to this track, it’s far too mannered. It’s straying into soft jazz territory with a delayed sax sound and just so super chill I want to have a flavored coffee and curl up with a book on my kindle, thanks Jeff Bezos you fuckface. I joke around and call Jeff Bezos a fuckface but a lot of people like this style. It’s well done for what it is, I guess some folks aspire to this level of composure and togetherness. I do not. If you roll this way, then have at it, it’s only personal preference. At least it’s not Coldplay.
@@@ De’Wayne: Super 8 (Hopeless, 2021) All three of today’s listens are off this week’s Line of Best Fit. This is some slicked out rock, with traces of pop and a little bit of black music mostly in areas of the vocals. It blows out in the chorus with maximum panning and pop injection. Very nice and standard buzzy bass, straight beat so the action is in the vocals. It’s less funky than old school Prince rock tunes but it’s definitely using that template. Big ups on the bass sound, less so on the guitar tones, and maybe I don’t need quite so many vocal tracks.
@@@ The Kid LAROI: Without You (Sony, 2021) A white MC on Sony opening up with strummed acoustic guitars and no beats. This, I believe, is going to travel a very predictable road. It’s a Most Palone move, but yet to flex its hip hop beats. Might there be no beats and it’s just this doofus doin’ in on the microphone? Oy it’s looking that way, so not predictable but not good. He’s scared to be alone that’s one of the vocal lines and I don’t care, this stinks. I’m sure he’s a great guy and I don’t wish him any ill will it’s just not for me. I don’t think I can get with any aspect of this, it’s just not where I’m at.
@@@ Meggie Lennon: Lost in the Plot (Mothland, 2021) Slotted as indie pop on Apple Music I see this as Beatle-y/Oasis-y UK pop rock with synthesizers. There’s a guitar and it has rock feels but it’s not primarily set to be that. It’s a bit orchestral and a bit kaleidoscopic and maybe could use a bit more energy. Not necessarily rock energy but maybe a little brisker on the tempo. Very nice arrangement, really like the bass player, and maybe wrap it up a bit sooner.
@@@ Oneohtrix Point Never: Long Road Home (Warp, 2020) This gent has mad arranging skills. He killed it in the Safdie brothers flick about a dude and his brother, extremely effective and disturning electronic music. This has a singer, which is a negative for me and it seems like a move to get famous, f’real. Or to break through more, as it embraces computer pop while glitching the fuck here and there. His mixes are like ginger ale, popping and multilayered. While I get the sonic candy I don’t find myself super moved. I find myself impressed but not emotionally accessed. Since I’m a big fan of this musician I’m going to check out a few other tracks. On I Don’t Love Me Anymore he remains in the pop space with a pleasantly crowded mix. I like it better than the tune clipped below but he’s definitely taken a different approach on this record and I think I prefer the dark business. I’d like to hear less singing — I’m not sure taking full vocal lines and putthing them into a vocal synthesizer or other plugs is particularly fresh.
@@@ Ane Brun: After the Great Storm (Universal, 2020) This is from this week’s Line of Best Fit and it’s on a major label and from the cover and the picture below I think we’re set for some meaningful Kate Bush style sensitive ambient rock. There’s a rotating synth sound that is very organic and hooky that spins in the tune. It is a focal point for the track. I like the arrangement and a bunch of the sounds. I don’t hate her vocalizing but I’m not moved by it personally. It’s ‘gina as Trump would say! I have nothing against over femininity but I’m more of a PJ Harvey female rage kinda fella. I feel like I should be curled up with a good book and some flavored coffee while this is spinning. It fills up with sounds as it moves on, most notably with some string arrangements that I both like and don’t like. They’re well done but the mood they convey plays into this idea of female sophistication. That synth/guitar arpeggio-spinning thing is hype!
@@@ DragonForce: Highway to Oblivion (Metal Blade, 2019) From a record entitled Extreme Power Metal. It’s not extreme metal, it’s not power metal, it’s extreme power metal!!!! Deal with it and horns up ya shittaz. Let’s be clear from the beginning, this is not a highway to hell, it’s a highway to oblivion. Big difference. Oh my, this clicks on and it’s just a glorious example of cheese metal, this is some Disney shit from the sonics to the lyrics to the feels. Momma stand back so you don’t get cheese splattered on your shoes or your face. Glorious, glorious, glorious, this is so extremely cheesy you just go with it and enjoy the cartoon Disney aspect. Maybe on your headphones but I wouldn’t rock this is a group, it might be a bit embarrassing. Synth sounds, little bits of metal shreds thrown off as sparks, crazy ass drumming all delivered with a smile. This is Extreme Cheese Metal they got one of the words wrong! It’s almost 7 minutes long and I rocked just over 3, that’s pretty good.
@@@ Andrew Cushin: Where’s My Family Gone (UMG, 2020) I don’t know if this is the track where the Oasis duder shows up but this young UK gent is on this week’s Line of Best Fit email and he’s doing a sensitive alienated Brit rock thing. A little crooning with the mix dominated by vocal melodies and the drums. There is some guitar work and keyboard happening but it’s tucked back a bit. He wants to know where it went wrong, where you changed your song, what went wrong, I want to know where’s my family gone? Then a guitar solo, duh, and a peak in the energy. Without some more specifics regarding his family and what went wrong I can’t really comment on his situation. It’s dramatical, that’s dramatic with an -al on the end but it has a vagueness that say a classic Brit rock alienated youth in Quadrophenia wouldn’t be rocking.
YTD recordings listened to: 844 Good music, not list worthy: 460 Not good music: 359
Best: 4 Honorable Mentions: 5
Possibles: Retox, Defeater, Jonwayne, Okkyung Lee, Slidhr, The Chewers, Susie Iberra/Roberto Rodriguez, The Coral, T.O.M.B., Lozen, Erase Errata, Mastery, Hartley C. White, Weed, Cold Water, Luther Dickinson, Graeme Barrett, Fast Asleep, Goldlink, Cavanaugh, Satoko Fuji, Moken, Juan Atkins, Lantern, Twin Peaks, Djelimady Tounkara, Denny Zeitlin, MILF, Unfun, De La Soul, Carl Sagan’s Skate Shoes, Noname, Klara Lewis, Krullur, The Lowest Form, Hard Proof, Yotoco, Jungle Fire, Sandoz, Oddisee, RAM, Fiver, Succumb Succumb, Gloom, Priests, Propaganda, This is the Kit, Roberto Gonzalez, Integrity, Tuba Skinny, The Expanders, Criolo, Billy Strings, Flowers of Sulphur, Portal, Lawaii, Etran De L’Air, Ruby Karinto, Elysia Crampton, Parquet Courts, Moskus, Kendl Winter, Tkay Maidza, Barro, Daniel Khan, Tallawit Timbouctou, Sumac, Tropical Fuck Storm, Harriet Tubman, Ammar 808, Anais Maviel, Chaka Khan, Pom Poko, Fried Egg, Tarek Atoui, Saicobab, General Purv, Shipping News, Big Thief, Mariachi El Bronx, Pour Me a Grog, Sudan Archives, Lakou Mizik, Moodymann, Pharmakon, Alefa Madagascar, Janjao, Luge, Wiki, Mick Jenkins, Jeremiah Jae, Fera, Gambian Griot Kora Duets, Drama, Beatrice Dillon, Mass Worship, mmmonika, Les Deuxluxes, Tony Allen, Fra Fra, Nihiloxica, Hailu Mergia, Pokey LaFarge, Nico Gomez, Nohe and Sus Santos, Tiny Bit of Giant’s Blood, Pole, Naeem, Mekons, Santrofi, DJ Nigga Fox, Flor do Toloache, Alexander Hawkins/Tomeka Reid, Shy One, Protomartyr, Nnamdi, Ekiti Sound, Awa Fall, 25,000 Kittens, Anjimile, Superfonicos, Yves Jarvis, Jonsi
@@@ Nardeydey: Speedial (Lucky Number, 2019) I got to this genre mashing single via the Line of Best Fit. A bit of indie, a little No Wave, and some old school rock. I was gonna denounce the singer as low energy when she went high and clear in an above average manner. The bass player is laying down some pretty serious low end but it kinda drags the tune down at the same time it provides nice contrast with the singer when she goes high. It’s got a Talking Heads disguised polyrhythmic feel to it, but I’m not sure I really love this tune and I’m not sure why. Seems a bit in its own head but check for yourself. Yeah, as I get to the end I feel it’s overly stuffed with all these different sounds that end up just there.
@@@ Ohtis: Runnin (Full Time Hobby, 2019) A genre consistent flat alt-country tune from an about to blow up feature in Line of Best Fit. Reminiscent of a lot of alt-country bands that have been huge in the past 15-20 years (sad whiny Wilco and such) though I’m really feeling the slide guitar here. It provides such a sweet contrast with the singer’s baritone. I guess I’m a bit fatigued with what I consider under-rhythmed indie music that is gushing into the ears of the public. Outside of the slide guitar it’s just too straight an arrangement for me to get down with. Am I wrong or a bitch to ask for a bit more? I guess so.
@@@ Squid: The Dial (Manata, 2018) Some angular, retro rock a la Devo from that same Line of Best Fit. Oops, it switches out of that into a quasi-aggro rock thing with a disgruntled singer on about quite mundane matters. It grows in energy with a guitar solo and some flavorful synth playing. I don’t usually typed the words flavorful synth playing but it’s the singer who’s putting this tune over the top with his schtick. I don’t mean schtick in negative way. Just shy of three minutes the rock falls away to a more dreamy space rock kind of thing so maybe the whole thing has been some sort of prog joke/symphony as it hasn’t stayed in one particular place for very long. He goes back to his hook/rant about the dial doesn’t change, the dial stays the same which is fine and good to see he’s committed to sounding like a mental patient for the whole tune. This is the best of what I heard today.
YTD recordings listened to: 439
Good music, not list worthy: 265
Not good music: 149
Honorable Mentions: 0
Possibles: Retox, Defeater, Jonwayne, Okkyung Lee, Slidhr, The Chewers, Susie Iberra/Roberto Rodriguez, The Coral, T.O.M.B., Lozen, Erase Errata, Mastery, Hartley C. White, Weed, Cold Water, Luther Dickinson, Graeme Barrett, Fast Asleep, Goldlink, Cavanaugh, Satoko Fuji, Moken, Juan Atkins, Lantern, Twin Peaks, Djelimady Tounkara, The Oh Sees, Denny Zeitlin, MILF, Unfun, De La Soul, Carl Sagan’s Skate Shoes, Noname, Klara Lewis, Krullur, The Lowest Form, Hard Proof, Yotoco, Jungle Fire, Sandoz, Oddisee, RAM, Fiver, Succumb Succumb, Gloom, Priests, Propaganda, This is the Kit, Roberto Gonzalez, Integrity, Tuba Skinny, The Expanders, Criolo, Billy Strings, Flowers of Sulphur, Portal, Lawaii, Etran De L’Air, Ruby Karinto, Elysia Crampton, Parquet Courts, Moskus, Kendl Winter, Tkay Maidza, Barro, Daniel Khan, Tallawit Timbouctou, Sumac, Tropical Fuck Storm, Harriet Tubman, Ammar 808, Anais Maviel, Chaka Khan, Pom Poko, Fried Egg, Horndal, Wyxz, Tarek Atoui, Hawktail, Saicobab, Shannon and the Clams, General Purv, Shipping News, Big Thief, Emma Louise, Andre Bratten, Nathan Corder/Tom Weeks, Oli XL, Buzzherd, Logistic Slaughter, The Muslims, Tobe Nwigwe
@@@ CHAI: Punk (Sony, 2019) All girl Japanese slightly buzzy and brisk pop being offered up as a punk variant. I like some of the sounds here, but the Alvin and the Chipmunks influenced vocal sound can grate a bit. They have big and high energy and score weird ass punk points for sure. With song titles like Choose Go, I’m Me, and Feel the Best you know what you’re in for here.
@@@ Foals: Part 1: Everything not Saved will not be lost (Warner, 2019) I got to this record as well as the Japanese gals up top via Line of Best Fit. This is some meaningful and dramatical Brit rock with a lower register singer who is quite serious about being serious. The synth sounds are gorgeous and there are a few threads of funk but the art school/Lord Byron singer really takes the wind out of the sails here for me. There are some guitars here for those who like that bit but it’s not a rock record and I apologize for any misdirection in calling it Brit rock early on.
YTD recordings listened to: 143
Good music, not list worthy: 85
Not good music: 52
Honorable Mentions: 0
Possibles: Retox, Defeater, Jonwayne, Okkyung Lee, Slidhr, The Chewers, Susie Iberra/Roberto Rodriguez, The Coral, T.O.M.B., Lozen, Erase Errata, Mastery, Hartley C. White, Weed, Cold Water, Luther Dickinson, Graeme Barrett, Fast Asleep, Goldlink, Cavanaugh, Satoko Fuji, Moken, Juan Atkins, Lantern, Twin Peaks, Djelimady Tounkara, The Oh Sees, Denny Zeitlin, MILF, Unfun, De La Soul, Carl Sagan’s Skate Shoes, A Tribe Called Quest, Noname, Klara Lewis, Krullur, The Lowest Form, Hard Proof, Yotoco, Jungle Fire, Sandoz, Oddisee, RAM, Fiver, Succumb Succumb, Gloom, Priests, Propaganda, This is the Kit, Roberto Gonzalez, Integrity, Tuba Skinny, The Expanders, Criolo, Billy Strings, Flowers of Sulphur, Portal, Lawaii, Etran De L’Air, Ruby Karinto, Elysia Crampton, Parquet Courts, Moskus, Kendl Winter, Tkay Maidza, Barro, Daniel Khan, Tallawit Timbouctou, Sumac, Tropical Fuck Storm, Harriet Tubman, Ammar 808, Anais Maviel, Chaka Khan, Pom Poko, Fried Egg
@@@ Portico Quartet: Endless (Gondwana, 2017) A track from an upcoming jazz release that I got to via a twat by Bird is the Worm. It is labelled as crossover jazz on iTunes, which doesn’t bode well but I enter with an open mind. Surprisingly they throw an electro synth loop into the foreground of the mix and follow that up with some Ghostly style droplet synth. Sounds more like an electronic outfit entering the jazz orifice than the other way round. A flute with some echo becomes the melodic center of the track and it’s all anchored by a slightly funky drum part. It’s all right.
@@@ Tyler, the Creator: Who Dat Boy? (Columbia, 2017) I’m listening to this hip hop single lat but I don’t want to give the impression that it’s brothers and sisters at the back of the bus. After a sci-fi opening he gets into a pretty urgent and tight grind. Oh, big bass, bigger than big. There are multiple MCs and I’m not sure what this track is about but it’s very detailed and graphic. I like the sounds and the feel of the track for sure.
@@@ Liam Gallagher: Chinatown (Warner, 2017) A hot track off the Apple Music from the guitar player of the Oasis outfit. It’s a kick drum, some arpeggiated guitar, and oh now it’s a full band thing. He’s got them Brit rock melodies down pat, must be the fish and chips. Is that racist? Not sure what the lyrics are on about but the vocal melodies are big and he’s still working that updated Beatles psychedelic mode.
YTD recordings listened to: 416
Good music, not recommended for purchase: 230
Not good music: 166
Honorable Mentions: 6
Possibles: Chris McGregor, Retox, Defeater, Jonwayne, Okkyung Lee, The Ballantynes, Slidhr, The Chewers, Toxic Holocaust, Susie Iberra/Roberto Rodriguez, Lenguas Largas, The Coral, T.O.M.B., Lozen, Erase Errata, Mastery, Leviathan, Hartley C. White, Weed, Cold Water, Janelle Monae, Luther Dickinson, Graeme Barrett, Fast Asleep, Goldlink, Cavanaugh, Gentleman Surfer, Satoko Fuji, Moken, Juan Atkins, Lantern, Twin Peaks, Djelimady Tounkara, The Oh Sees, Denny Zeitlin, MILF, Unfun, De La Soul, Carl Sagan’s Skate Shoes, Magrudergrind, A Tribe Called Quest, Noname, Gouge Away, Anna Hogberg, Klara Lewis, Krullur, The Lowest Form, Hard Proof, James Brandon Lewis, Yotoco, Jungle Fire, Sandoz, Power Trip, J.I.D., Oddisee, Forro in the Dark, RAM, Fiver, Dona Onete, Succumb Succumb, Gloom, Dead Ranch, Priests, Propaganda
@@@ Coasts: Coasts (Capitol, 2016) A brit rock/’80s rock mash that is featured in the Apple Music alternative section. If U2 had a love baby with Simple Minds it would sound like this. The second tune opens with a basket of slightly processed whoa hos — regular readers know how much I love a good Bon Jovi whoa ho. They’re running with wolves in the wild. Oy. The lyrics win the cheese ring here, followed by that pretty awful guitar and drum sound.
@@@ 2 Milly: Milly Rock (DNR, 2016) A mainstream electro hip hop single off the Apple Music New section. The arrangement is centered around a small piano figure punctuated by string blasts. He will Milly Rock on any block, that’s what he’s saying. Beats are skittery. It’s hard to know how to feel about this song as I don’t really know what milly rocking consists of. It appears that Mr. Rock is smoking weed and he might be involved in the drug trade. Milly is slang for an extremely hot girl who excels at kissing so he’s rocking all the hot girls.
@@@ Vukovar: The Blood Garden (Small Bear, 2016) A shoe gaze-y single with some big layered vocals that I got to via the operator of said label. About a third of the way into the tune it goes full band with a space organ filling out the mix. Certainly a better specimen of Brit rock than the Coasts disc I heard earlier today. After a brief spastic drum break it raises the tempo and becomes a high energy rock tune with fewer layers to the vocals but still an intimate sound to the vocals. It’s almost six minutes, it’s not a pop tune.
Right in this spot I peeped about 15 seconds of the new St. Lucia record but I had to click it off. I couldn’t Milly Rock it, it was too sweet and cheesy.
@@@ Errol Blackwood: Cooling Down the Rage (Jimmys, 2016). Some old school sounding reggae I got to via the Apple Music reggae section. Opens up with the title track which has a distinct Marley vibe. Full band reggae — drums, percussion, bass, guitar, melodica, horns, organ, and backup singers. Blackwood has a classic voice, both pretty and gruff. This is the best I music I heard today and Imma gonna swing back to this record. I really dug the first two songs, the third and fourth less so, and this fifth one is all right.
YTD recordings listened to: 114
Good music, not recommended for purchase: 64
Not good music: 45
Honorable Mentions: 3
Possibles: Chris McGregor, Alvin Youngblood Hart, Dave Arner Trio, MAKU Soundsystem, Zomby, Retox, Jessie Mae Hemphill, Bone Dance, Defeater, Jonwayne, Okkyung Lee, The Ballantynes, Debruit, Slidhr, The Whammies, The Chewers, Alexander Hawkins, Toxic Holocaust, Equal Stones, Comeback Kid, Susie Iberra/Roberto Rodriguez, Lenguas Largas, The Coral, T.O.M.B., Fofoulah, Lozen, Erase Errata, Dawn Richard, Mastery, Leviathan, Xibalba, Hartley C. White, Weed, Cold Water, Akitsa, Janelle Monae, Luther Dickinson, Destruction Unit, Graeme Barrett, Fast Asleep, Goldlink, Cavanaugh, Gentleman Surfer, Satoko Fuji, Mystic Braves, Reverend Peyton, Living Hell, Dos Santos Anti-Beat Orquesta,